The Children's House, St George's School

A Montessori school - later moved to Gorselands

By Rosemary Ross with information from Sue Mitchell, archivist at St George's School

This page has been re-written in March 2019, with information provided in the form of a timeline by Sue Mitchell, archivist at St George's School, supplementing references in Pam Weatherley's History of St George's School. It is difficult to be certain of the precise location of the Montessori School at specific times. The school was run independently, apart from a short period from 1949 to 1955 when it appears to have been merged with St George's School Harpenden Ltd.

Photo:The first Montessori Children's House, Montessori House, (4) Manland Avenue

The first Montessori Children's House, Montessori House, (4) Manland Avenue

LHS archives, scan from Montessori brochure

The Rev Grant, first Headmaster of St George’s School, was always keen to welcome whole families to the school. He had become interested in the teaching of Dottoressa Montessori in Rome, and had visited her in 1913. In 1916 he founded a separate (Montessori) school to cater for pupils from 2 to 8 years old.  The Company Director was Frederick E Pearce of Fairview, Crabtree Lane, and the Chairman of Governors was Mrs Le Mare of The Spinney, West Common, and later resident in Croisthwaite House, Carlton Road. It is not clear from the St George's archives whether the school was operating from near St George's school buildings. The Dottoressa visited St George’s in 1919 and 1925.

By 1920 the school was housed in Whitegarth (4) Manland Avenue, but the date is difficult to determine as Kelly's Directories were not published for the years between 1914 and 1922. Whitegarth was the home of Cecil Nott up to 1913/14  and of Hugh Alexander McClulloch from 1922-1928. It was also listed as "Montessori School, Montessori House, Manland Avenue" in the Commercial section of Kelly's between 1922 and 1924.

Move to Kingston Lodge

Photo:Extract from 1924 OS map, showing Kingston Lodge, Sun Lane

Extract from 1924 OS map, showing Kingston Lodge, Sun Lane

LHS archives

In 1924 Kingston Lodge, close to St George's School, was purchased, and from 1926 it was listed in Kelly's directory as "Montessori School, Montessori House, Sun Lane". 

Photo:Kingston Lodge, later known as Goddard House, St George's School

Kingston Lodge, later known as Goddard House, St George's School

LHS archives, scan from Montessori brochure

This building was later known as Goddard House and is currently (2019) the Music Department of St George's School.  

Photo:The Kindergarten or Lower School in Goddard House, St George's

The Kindergarten or Lower School in Goddard House, St George's

LHS archives, scan from EM 69/23

 

In 1930 the Montessori School, still a separate entity both academically and financially, was extended with a long classroom being built on to the back of the house, and in 1934 an upper classroom was added. Miss Matthews was Directress of the School, with Miss Thornton as Matron. Mrs Darracott was also listed together with various helpers. Pupil numbers ranged from 31, but falling to 19 by the end of 1931. Economies were needed.

The following year the name was changed to St George's Children's House, to widen its appeal. A new illustrated prospectus was produced (source of the accompanying pictures). Advertisements were placed in Patons, The Times of India, Kellys's and the Travellers Gazette, as well as in The Herts Advertiser and the Luton News. This led to an increase in the number of pupils to 25 by the end of the year. In 1936 Mr Mario Montessori attended a meeting of the Directors.

Photo:Rest time in the garden - at the back of Goddard House?

Rest time in the garden - at the back of Goddard House?

LHS archives - scan from Montessori brochure

Evacuation

During the second world war, the Children’s House was evacuated to "Bremamoor" at Belstone, near Paschoe in Devon, where the rest of the Lower School was accommodated. However some pupils remained in Harpenden, housed in the Sanatorium.

In 1945 Children's House (Harpenden) was incorporated as a limited company, and in 1949 it merged (for business purposes) with St George's School Harpenden Limited - until 1955 when it ceased to be part of St George's  School.

Move to Gorselands - and independence

Photo:Gorselands - advertisement: Mrs J M Blackden, formerly Principal of St George's Children's House, now conducts a school for 5 to 8 year olds, recognised by the Ministry of Education, at Gorselands .... Boys and girls are prepared for entry to the Lower School of St George's

Gorselands - advertisement: Mrs J M Blackden, formerly Principal of St George's Children's House, now conducts a school for 5 to 8 year olds, recognised by the Ministry of Education, at Gorselands .... Boys and girls are prepared for entry to the Lower School of St George's

LHS archives - scan from a photocopy -

 

 

In December 1955 the Children’s House moved to Gorselands at the corner of Queen’s Road and Walker’s Road in Southdown. Here it was run by Mrs Jean Blackden LRAM, as a private pre-preparatory school - see advertisement below. She had previously been head of the Children's House at St George's, and the Gorselands school ceased to be part of St George’s, though links continued to be strong until the school closed.

Photo:Gorselands

Gorselands

LHS archives - Detail from a glass negative by Jim Jarvis

The Gorselands house was demolished and replaced in 1976 by a development named Gorselands. 


Below are scans from the brochure for the Montessori School, published as a booklet of postcards in the 1930s, when it was in Kingston Lodge.

Photo: Illustrative image for the 'The Children's House, St George's School' page
Photo: Illustrative image for the 'The Children's House, St George's School' page
Photo: Illustrative image for the 'The Children's House, St George's School' page
Photo:Invoices for Gavin Rowe, infant pupil in 1945-1946 in The Children's House

Invoices for Gavin Rowe, infant pupil in 1945-1946 in The Children's House

Gavin Rowe

This page was added by Rosemary Ross on 16/04/2019.
Comments about this page

My first school - at the age of about 3 - Gorselands on the Common. I must have left for St Nicks in about 1970. Does anyone else remember it? Play time used to be on the triangle of common between Queens Road, Walker's Road and the wall in the photo. No fences but great fun! I'm sure that health and safety advisors would be apoplectic today. I remember reading the Ladybird 'Peter and Jane' series sitting in the turret window. Happy days!

By Jordan Giddings
On 20/09/2016

From 1946 to 1950, I was at the Children's House, where Mrs Blackden was Head.  Others there at the time included: Andrew Hunter, Michael Salisbury, Hugh Noblett, Graham Lindsay, Vicky Newham, Rachel Leaf, Jenny Sutcliffe, Topsy, Valerie, Paul, Roger, Ian and Brian.

In addition to the three Rs, subjects included: Art, Handwork and Music and Movement! I also recall a lunchtime rest, from the classroom rigours, lying on a rough army blanket in the hard floor. Also remembered was sport's day, including races on tricycles.

Those were the days....

In 1950, at the age of eight, I moved to Hardenwick Preparatory School.

By Gavin Rowe
On 05/02/2019

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